Patrick Bayer

Professor in Environmental Sustainability
& Democracy

University of Glasgow


I am a Professor in Sustainable Environment & Democracy in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Glasgow. I am also affiliated with the Global Sustainable Development theme in the University's new Advanced Research Centre (ARC). My research focuses on international cooperation and the political economy of environmental regulation and energy policy. I am particularly interested in how the domestic and international political economy and political incentives shape governments’, firms’, and individuals’ responses to climate change and the global energy transformation.

In currently ongoing work, I study the politics of carbon markets, firms’ commitments to corporate decarbonisation, and the distributional effects of climate policy. I also lead a recently awarded ESRC project on the role of science in international climate cooperation. I received the Emerging Young Scholar Award of APSA's Science, Technology and Environmental Policy (STEP) section in 2021 and successfully obtained funding from the British Academy, the Carnegie Trust, and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). My teaching regularly involves classes on international organizations and global energy/climate policy and politics.

Among other outlets, my work was published in the Journal of Politics, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Energy Economics, PNAS, and Science Advances. My book on Escaping the Energy Poverty Trap was published with MIT Press in 2018 and offers the first comprehensive political science account of energy poverty. I have written for The Washington Post‘s Monkey Cage, VoxDev, The Conversation and the LSE's EUROPP blog. My work has been covered by The Economist.

My contact details can be found in my CV here.

EPG 2023 Conference

The 2023 Environmental Politics and Governance (EPG) conference will be hosted at the University of Glasgow, 11-13 July 2023. The main goals of the conference are to showcase the best research on environmental politics and governance from across relevant disciplines and to provide a venue for scholars to strengthen their networks and shape future research directions. 

Please find the full CfP and submission details on the EPG website here. The deadline for an extended and anonymous 1,000 word abstract that outlines the research question, theory, data, and methods, along with the contributions to the field of environmental politics and governance is 31 January 2023. All submissions undergo double blind review and acceptance decisions will be communicated by 1 March 2023. 

Please do share widely and with colleagues who may find the CfP of interest. We value and seek to foster the diversity in the discipline, so we especially encourage applications from female scholars as well as disabled and ethnic minority colleagues. 

You can contact the conference organizing team via email or by visiting the EPG website.

Latest Publications

Beliefs about Climate Action Consequences under Weak Global Institutions: Sectors, Home Bias, and International Embeddedness

Climate policy has distributional effects, so ratcheting up climate ambition over time will only become politically feasible if the …

The European Union Emissions Trading System Reduced CO2 Emissions Despite Low Prices

International carbon markets are an appealing and increasingly popular tool to regulate carbon emissions. By putting a price on carbon, …

The Need for Impact Evaluation in Electricity Access Research

Despite the growing use of impact evaluations for electrification interventions, little attention has been paid to the geographical …

Work in progress

  • The Breadth-Depth Trade-off and the Cost of Non-cooperation in Multilateral Agreements.

  • Compliance with International Environmental Regulation: Installation-level Evidence from European Carbon Markets.

  • Government Interference in Information Production of International Organizations (with Lorenzo Crippa).

  • Climate Policy Costs, Regional Politics and Backlash against International Cooperation (with Federica Genovese).

  • Carbon Disclosure, Environmental Regulation, and the U.S. EXIM Bank (with Jonas Bunte).

  • Big Crises, Small Wins: The Missed Opportunities of International Energy Transitions (with Lorenzo Crippa and Federica Genovese).

  • Popular Support for a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism: Evidence from four European Countries (with Lena Schaffer).

  • Is it all Cheap Talk? The Effects of International Climate Agreements on Domestic Political Debates (with Zac Greene and Christine Sylvester)

  • The Effect of Virtual Meeting Formats on Intergovernmental Negotiations: Evidence from IPCC Approval Sessions (with Lorenzo Crippa, Erlend Hermansen, and Hannah Hughes)


  • EC964: Global Energy Policy and Politics (spring 2022, graduate) [Syllabus]

  • L2912: International Institutions and Regimes (spring 2020, graduate) [Syllabus]