Patrick Bayer

Senior Lecturer in International Relations

University of Strathclyde


I am a Senior Lecturer in International Relations in the School of Government & Public Policy and Chancellor’s Fellow in the Center for Energy Policy at the University of Strathclyde. I am also a Fellow at the Initiative for Sustainable Energy Policy (ISEP), Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and Associated Researcher at the Centre for the Political Economy of Reforms at the University of Mannheim.

I study central questions in international cooperation and the political economy of environmental politics and energy policy. Current projects include research on the political economy of carbon markets, firm regulation and private politics, the politics of energy transition as well as formal and empirical models of climate treaty-making.

My work was published, among others, in the Journal of Politics, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, Energy Economics, PNAS, and Science Advances. My book on Escaping the Energy Poverty Trap was published with MIT Press in 2018 and offers the first comprehensive political science account of energy poverty. I have written for The Washington Post‘s Monkey Cage, VoxDev, and ISEP. My work has been covered by The Economist.

My contact details can be found in my CV here.

Latest Publications

(2020). The European Union Emissions Trading System Reduced CO2 Emissions Despite Low Prices. Proceedings of the National Academcy of the Sciences 117(16): 8804-8812. [PDF] [Data and code].

(2020). The Need for Impact Evaluation in Electricity Access Research. Energy Policy 137: 111099. [PDF] [Data and code].


European Union Sectoral Emissions Data (EUSED)

EUSED provides CO2 emissions for 33 countries (EU ETS member countries plus Switzerland and Turkey), disaggregated into 7 sectors which are matched between UNFCCC sectors (CRF) and EU ETS activities, 1990-2016. The data is available from Harvard Dataverse or can be downloaded here. Please read the codebook before using the data.

Acknowledgment: I gratefully acknowledge funding by the British Academy/Leverhulme Small Grant (SG171349, 1 January 2018 to 30 May 2019). Constantin Brod offered excellent research assistance.


  • L2912: International Institutions and Regimes (spring 2020, graduate) [Syllabus]

  • EC964: Global Energy Policy and Politics (spring 2021, graduate)