Patrick Bayer

Senior Lecturer in International Relations

University of Strathclyde


I am a Senior Lecturer in International Relations in the School of Government & Public Policy and Chancellor’s Fellow in the Centre for Energy Policy at the University of Strathclyde. My research focuses on international cooperation and the political economy of environmental regulation and energy policy. I am particularly interested in how the domestic political economy and political incentives shape governments’ and firms’ responses to climate change and the global energy transformation.

In currently ongoing work, I study the politics of carbon markets, firms’ commitments to corporate decarbonisation, and the distributional effects of climate policy. I also lead a recently awarded ESRC project on the role of science in internatonal climate cooperation. I received the Emerging Young Scholar Award of APSA's Science, Technology and Environmental Policy (STEP) section in 2021 and successfully obtained funding from the British Academy, the Carnegie Trust, and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). My teaching regularly involves classes on international organizations and global energy/climate policy and politics.

Among other outlets, my work was published in the Journal of Politics, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Energy Economics, PNAS, and Science Advances. My book on Escaping the Energy Poverty Trap was published with MIT Press in 2018 and offers the first comprehensive political science account of energy poverty. I have written for The Washington Post‘s Monkey Cage, VoxDev, The Conversation and the LSE's EUROPP blog. My work has been covered by The Economist.

My contact details can be found in my CV here.

Latest Publications

(2020). The European Union Emissions Trading System Reduced CO2 Emissions Despite Low Prices. Proceedings of the National Academcy of the Sciences 117(16): 8804-8812. [PDF] [Data and code].

(2020). The Need for Impact Evaluation in Electricity Access Research. Energy Policy 137: 111099. [PDF] [Data and code].


European Union Sectoral Emissions Data (EUSED)

EUSED provides CO2 emissions for 33 countries (EU ETS member countries plus Switzerland and Turkey), disaggregated into 7 sectors which are matched between UNFCCC sectors (CRF) and EU ETS activities, 1990-2016. The data is available from Harvard Dataverse or can be downloaded here. Please read the codebook before using the data.

Acknowledgment: I gratefully acknowledge funding by the British Academy/Leverhulme Small Grant (SG171349, 1 January 2018 to 30 May 2019). Constantin Brod offered excellent research assistance.


  • L2912: International Institutions and Regimes (spring 2020, graduate) [Syllabus]

  • EC964: Global Energy Policy and Politics (spring 2021, graduate)